Cosmobrain Astronomy
Nearest Stars


Constelações  The Nearest Stars :     The present version of this table contains all the 50 known stars within 4.9 parsecs of the Sun. For each star, this list contains the trigonometric parallax, distance to the Sun ( in light years and in parsecs ), visual and absolute magnitude, proper motion, spectral type, coordinates and constellation. The relative parallaxes are corrected to absolute parallax using newly computed corrections that are based on an improved model of the Galaxy. The table contains equatorial coordinates in the system of the FK4 for 1900.



   Field List

  Field  Description  Units
  Name/Id.  star name or identification  
 T. Par  trigonometric parallax  arcsec ( arcseconds )
  Dist.pc  distance to the Sun in parsecs  pc ( parsecs )
  Dist. al  distance to the Sun in light-years  l.y. ( light-year )
  V Mag  visual magnitude  mag
  A Mag  absolute visual magnitude M(V)  mag
  Prop M  total proper motion  arcsec/y (arcseconds per year )
  Spec Type  spectral type  
  Const  constellation  abbreviation - click here
  RA1900  right ascension ( 1900.0 ) FK4  hh mm ss.d
  DEC1900  declination ( 1900.0 ) FK4  gg mm ss



   Nearest Stars

www.cosmobrain.com 1999 - All Rights Reserved
 # Name / Ident. T.Par. Dist.pc Dist. ly V Mag A Mag Prop M Spec Type Const RA1900 DEC1900
1
Proxima Centauri
0,770
1,30
4,24
11,10
15,53
3,81
M5.5eV
Cen
14 22 48.0
-62 15 00
2
Alpha Centauri A
0,750
1,33
4,35
-0,01
4,37
3,66
G2 V
Cen
14 32 48.0
-60 25 00
3
Alpha Centauri B
0,750
1,33
4,35
1,34
5,72
3,66
KO V
Cen
14 32 48.0
-60 25 00
4
Barnard's Star
0,546
1,83
5,98
9.54
13.23
10,31
M5 V
Oph
17 52 54.0
+04 25 00
5
Wolf 359
0,419
2,39
7,78
13,46
16,57
4,70
M6.5 Ve
Leo
10 51 36.0
+07 37 00
6
Lalande 21185
0,395
2,53
8,26
7,48
10,46
4,81
M2 V
UMa
10 57 52.3
+36 38 25
7
Sirius A 
0,382
2,62
8,55
-1,46
1,45
1,33
A1 Vm
CMa
06 40 44.5
-16 34 43
8
Sirius B 
0,382
2,62
8,55
8,44
11,34
1,33
DA2
CMa
06 40 44.5
-16 34 43
9
Luyten 726-8A
0,374
2,68
8,73
12,56
15,42
3,37
M5.5 de
Cet
01 33 49.0
-18 28 28
10
Luyten 726-8B (UV Ceti)
0,374
2,68
8,73
12,52
15,38
3,37
M6 Ve
Cet
01 33 49.0
-18 28 28
11
Ross 154
0,345
2,90
9,45
10,45
13,14
0,72
M3.6 Ve
Sgr
18 43 36.0
-23 57 00
12
Ross 248
0,316
3,16
10,32
12,27
14,77
1,62
M5.5 Ve
And
23 37 00.0
+43 39 00
13
Epsilon Eridani
0,305
3,28
10,70
3,73
6,15
0,98
K2 V
Eri
03 28 13.0
-09 47 47
14
Ross 128
0,298
3,35
10,94
11,11
13,48
1,35
M4+ V
Vir
11 42 36.0
+01 23 00
15
Luyten 789-6 
0,290
3,45
11,27
12,32
14,63
3,25
M5-M7Ve,e
Aqr
22 33 00.0
-15 52 00
16
Epsilon Indi
0,289
3,46
11,27
4,69
7,00
4,70
K4/5 V
Ind
21 55 42.7
-57 11 48
17
61 Cygni A
0,287
3,49
11,37
5,21
7,50
5,22
K5 V
Cyg
21 02 25.5
+38 15 20
18
61 Cygni B
0,287
3,49
11,37
6,03
8,33
5,22
K7 Ve
Cyg
21 02 25.5
+38 15 20
19
Procion A 
0,287
3,49
11,38
0,38
2,67
1,25
F5 IV-V
CMi
07 34 04.0
+05 28 53
20
Procion B 
0,287
3,49
11,38
10,70
13,00
1,25
DA
CMi
07 34 04.0
+05 28 53
21
G 227-046
0,285
3,51
11,44
8,90
11,18
2,24
M3.5 d
Dra
18 41 39.8
+59 28 40
22
Groombridge 34
0,282
3,55
11,57
8,07
10,32
2,91
M2 V
And
00 12 40.1
+43 27 21
23
Lacaille 9352
0,279
3,59
11,71
7,34
9,56
6,90
M2 V
Gru
22 59 24.5
-36 25 44
24
TAU Ceti
0,277
3,62
11,80
3,50
5,71
1,92
G8 V
Cet
01 39 25.3
-16 27 50
25
G 051-015
0,276
3,63
11,83
14,81
17,01
1,29
M6.5eV
Cnc
08 23 51.0
+27 07 00
26
Luyten 725-32 (YZ Ceti)
0,269
3,72
12,13
12,05
14,20
1,35
M5.5 Ve
Cet
01 07 24.0
-17 32 00
27
G 089-019
0,265
3,77
12,29
9,82
11,94
3,76
M4 V
CMi
07 22 00.0
+05 32 00
28
Lacaille 8760
0,259
3,86
12,60
6,68
8,74
3,45
M0 Ve
Mic
21 11 24.0
-39 15 12
29
Kapteyn's Star
0,257
3,90
12,71
8,89
10,94
8,71
M1 VIp
Pic
05 07 41.7
-44 58 51
30
Kruger 60 A
0,252
3,98
12,97
9,85
11,85
0,94
M2 V
Cep
22 24 25.8
+57 11 46
31
Kruger 60 B
0,252
3,98
12,97
9,59
11,59
0,94
M4 V
Cep
22 24 25.8
+57 11 46
32
Ross 614
0,244
4,10
13,36
11,14
13,08
1,00
M4.5 Ve
Mon
06 24 18.0
-02 44 00
33
G 153-058
0,244
4,10
13,37
10,08
12,02
1,18
M2 d
Oph
16 24 42.0
-12 25 00
34
Van Maanen
0,233
4,30
14,03
12,38
14,21
2,98
DZ7
Psc
00 43 54.0
+04 55 00
35
G 012-043 A
0,228
4,39
14,31
12,44
14,23
1,81
M5.5+Ve,
Vir
12 28 24.0
+09 34 00
36
G 012-043 B
0,228
4,39
14,31
13,04
14,83
1,81
M5.5 Ve
Vir
12 28 24.0
+09 34 00
37
L 1159-16
0,225
4,45
14,51
12,26
14,02
2,10
M4.5 Ve
Ari
01 54 36.0
+12 34 24
38
L 143-23
0,223
4,49
14,66
13,87
15,61
1,66
M4
Car
10 40 49.0
-60 42 49
39
LPP 731-58
0,220
4,54
14,81
15,60
17,32
1,65
 
Sex
10 43 12.0
-10 47 18
40
G 208-044
0,220
4,54
14,81
13,41
15,12
0,73
M6 Ve
Cyg
19 50 40.0
+44 09 30
41
G 267-025
0,219
4,56
14,87
8,54
10,25
6,10
M2 V
Scl
23 59 30.6
-37 50 57
42
G 240-063
0,219
4,56
14,89
9,18
10,88
1,30
M3.5 V
Dra
17 37 00.0
+68 25 50
43
L 145-141
0,218
4,58
14,94
11,44
13,14
2,67
DG6
Cen
11 40 12.0
-64 17 00
44
CPD-46 8664
0,217
4,61
15,04
9,37
11,05
1,05
M3 d
Ara
17 21 06.0
-46 47 00
45
CI 20-1290
0,214
4,68
15,25
8,68
10,33
0,83
M2 V
Ind
21 26 53.0
-49 25 41
46
G 158-027
0,213
4,69
15,31
13,74
15,38
2,04
M5-5.V
Cet
00 01 38.0
-08 04 36
47
G 156-057
0,212
4,72
15,39
10,17
11,80
1,14
M5 d
Aqr
22 47 54.0
-14 47 00
48
CI 20-1046
0,211
4,75
15,48
10,96
12,58
1,16
M3.5 d
Ara
17 29 48.0
-44 14 00
49
Groombridge 1618
0,207
4,83
15,75
6,61
8,19
1,45
K7 V
UMa
10 05 14.9
+49 57 37
50
G 054-023
0,205
4,89
15,94
9,4
10,95
0.51
M3.5eV
Leo
10 14 11.1
+20 22 21
©Cosmobrain.com 1999 -2002 - All Rights Reserved.
©Cosmobrain.com 1999 - 2002 - All Rights Reserved.


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THE NEAREST STARS


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By : Eduardo Soares

References :

====================================================================
The General Catalogue of Trigonometric Stellar Parallaxes, Fourth Edition
Van Altena W.F., Lee J.T., Hoffleit E.D.
Yale University Observatory (1995)
====================================================================
Preliminary Version of the Third Catalogue of Nearby Stars
Wilhelm Gliese and Hartmut Jahreiss
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut Heidelberg, Germany
====================================================================
General Catalogue of Trigonometric Parallaxes (YPC)
William F. van Altena
Yale University (1989)
====================================================================
Astronomy, the Evolving Universe
Michael Zeilik
John Wiley & Sons (1997)
====================================================================



 

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